Note Making is a way of recording important details from a source. This source can be any book, article, or any oral discussion. In note making, the writer records the essence of the information. It helps us to understand and clarify thinking. Note making saves a lot of time by going through the notes made. One can get a glimpse of a lot of information from a short note.
A note making is a skill which improves by practicing. There are some advantages of note making. Let us get to know some of them.
· It has great importance in exams or in academic writing
· It is an organization of main points for future use
· Note making helps in keeping the information handy whenever we require
· It helps in recollecting and recalling the past events said or heard
· It helps in concentrating, understanding and provides a permanent record
· Note making format helps a writer to go through bulky documents quicker
· It helps in understanding a material if the notes are in own words
· It distinguishes between main points and details
There is a fixed note making format. One needs to follow this note making format in order to have a clear and unambiguous understanding from it. The note making format has-
It shows the topic or the heading of the note. The heading should be very clear and brief in order to have a clear idea of the notes made. It gives the main idea of the passage
As the name suggests, a subheading is a subdivision of the main topic. One can use as many subheadings as he or she wants.
Below subheading, there are some points which are the part of the main topics.
One can add more headings below the points for showing the category, types, advantages, etc.
It refers to the proper alignment and spacing in the written matter. Indentation means shifting from the margin. It indicates the subheadings, points, sub-points, sub-subheadings, etc. clearly. Indentation offers a well-defined structure for a note. It makes it readable and increases the objectives of the content.
The key portion of the note shows the various codes, symbols or the abbreviation used. It helps to get a clear understanding of the keys used in the note making format.
These are used in order to save time and space when you write notes. Their use makes it easier to read. An abbreviation can be made by·
Info. – Information
Stat. – statistics
Max. – Maximum
Min. – Minimum
· Using the beginnings of words with the last letter
Dept. – department
Govt. – government
Prodn. – Production
Prblm. – Problem
Wrd. – word
Schl. – school
· Using the first and the last letter of a word
Mt – mount
Mr – Mister
· Shortening the suffix at the end of the word
Productn – Production
Distributn – Distribution
You may also use some commonly used symbols when you write notes. These symbols save a lot of time and easy to understand.
→ leads to
← caused by
> greater than
< less than
= equal to
@ at the rate of (or rate)
i.e., that is
They are words consisting of the first letter of each word in the name of something.
CBSE: Central Board of Secondary Education
NCERT: National Council of Educational Research and Training
CM: Chief Minister
PM: Prime Minister
UNO: United Nations Organization
UNESCO: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
WHO: World Health Organization
COD: Cash On Delivery
FIFO: First In First Out
PTO: Please Turn Over
DOB: Date of Birth
SUV: Sports Utility Vehicle
HR: Human Resources
PR: Public Relations
CEO: Chief Executive Officer
CFO: Chief Financial Officer
UK: United Kingdom
USA: The United States of America
Summarizing the Notes
When you write notes, you don’t write the whole passage or the content. Instead, you summarize the content and tries to note down the main idea or the information from the whole content. While making the summary, all the important points must be added.
· Read the passage provided
· Underline the important sentences. It helps to make headings and subheadings
· Make a rough note first so as to get an idea
· Organize them in logical order or sequence for the final note
· Use the appropriate note making format
· Do not change the idea or the message of the passage
Points to Remember for Note Making Format
· Avoid using long sentences as heading or title
· Never lose the main idea of the passage
· Ignore information which is less important
· Be brief, clear, and specific
· Use logical sequencing
· Use proper indention
· Leave no spaces to avoid confusion
· Do not include your own version or understandings
· Use abbreviations
· Make your note more memorable by adding colors, drawings, and symbols
Occasional self-medication has always been part of normal living. The making and selling of drugs has a long history and is closely linked, like medical practice itself, with belief in magic. Only during the last hundred years or so, as the development of scientific techniques made it possible diagnosis has become possible. The doctor is now able to follow up the correct diagnosis of many illnesses-with specific treatment of their causes. In many other illnesses of which the causes remain unknown, he is still limited, like the unqualified prescriber, to the treatment of symptoms. The doctor is trained to decide when to treat symptoms only and when to attack the cause. This is the essential difference between medical prescribing and self-medication.
The advance of technology has brought about much progress in some fields of medicine, including the development of scientific drug therapy. In many countries public health organization is improving and people’s nutritional standards have risen. Parallel with such beneficial trends are two which have an adverse effect. One is the use of high pressure advertising by the pharmaceutical industry which has tended to influence both patients and doctors and has led to the overuse of drugs generally. The other is emergence of eating, insufficient sleep, excessive smoking and drinking. People with disorders arising from faulty habits such as these , as well as well from unhappy human relationships , often resort to self –medication and so add the taking of pharmaceuticals to the list .Advertisers go to great lengths to catch this market.
Clever advertising, aimed at chronic suffers who will try anything because doctors have not been able to cure them, can induce such faith in a preparation, particularly if steeply priced, that it will produce-by suggestion-a very real effect in some people .Advertisements are also aimed at people suffering from mild complaints such as simple cold and coughs which clear up by themselves within a short time.
These are the main reasons, why laxatives, indigestion-remedies, painkillers, cough-mixtures, tonics, vitamin and iron tablets, nose drops, ointments and many other preparations are found in quantity in many households. It is doubtful whether taking these things ever improves a person’s health, it may even make it worse. Worse, because the preparation may contain unsuitable ingredients; worse because the taker may become dependent on them; worse because they might be taken excess; worse because they may cause poisoning , and worst of all because symptoms of some serious underlying cause may be asked and therefore medical help may not be sought. Self-diagnosis is a greater danger than self-medication.
1. Self medication
(a) part of normal living—last 100 yrs
(b) Advance in diag tech..
(c) Drs rqd. for diag .& treatmnt of disease
(d ) self medicatiom differs from medical prescripyion
2. Technological Advmnt in medicine
(a) drug therapy
(b)impvt. In pub. Health org’s
(c) increase in nutri’l standards.
3. Clever advertising by pharma’l companies
(a) take advantage of people’s need
(b) chronic suffers
(c ) mild complaints like cold and coughs
(d) Faulty life style
(i) Lack of exercise, over eating, insuff’t sleep etc. (ii) stress, unhappy rela’ps etc.
4. dangers of self – medi’n. ss
(a) Prep’n contain unsuitable ingre
(b) Taker becomes dependent
(c) Taker consumes medi. In excess
(d) Prep’ns may cause poison’g
(e) Real cause of illness gets suppressed or untreated.
2.ding tech-diagnosis technology
4.deve – development
6.pub – publics
7.rqd - required
8.org’s - organisations
9. insuff’t - insufficient
Summary of the passage:-
Self medication is part of normal living. Medicinal experts are required for diagnosis and treatment of disease according to symptoms and cause.
The development of drug therapy and improvement in public health organizations and nutritional standards have helped progress in medicinal science. Excessive advertising by pharmaceutical companies and emergence of the sedentary society are two counter trends. Self medication is dangerous as the preparation may be toxic or contain unsuitable ingredients, the user becomes dependent and consumes medicine in excess. Self-diagnosis is worse than self medication.
courtesy: CBSE and other CBSE related websites. thankful to them for providing such ready reference