Note Making

Note Making is a way of recording important details from a source. This source can be any book, article,  or any oral discussion. In note making, the writer records the essence of the information. It helps us to understand and clarify thinking. Note making saves a lot of time by going through the notes made. One can get a glimpse of a lot of information from a short note.

Advantages of Note Making

A note making is a skill which improves by practicing. There are some advantages of note making. Let us get to know some of them.

·         It has great importance in exams or in academic writing

·         It is an organization of main points for future use

·         Note making helps in keeping the information handy whenever we require

·         It helps in recollecting and recalling the past events said or heard

·         It helps in concentrating, understanding and provides a permanent record

·         Note making format helps a writer to go through bulky documents quicker

·         It helps in understanding a material if the notes are in own words

·         It distinguishes between main points and details

 Note Making Format

There is a fixed note making format. One needs to follow this note making format in order to have a clear and unambiguous understanding from it. The note making format has-


 It shows the topic or the heading of the note. The heading should be very clear and brief in order to have a clear idea of the notes made. It gives the main idea of the passage


As the name suggests, a subheading is a subdivision of the main topic. One can use as many subheadings as he or she wants.


Below subheading, there are some points which are the part of the main topics.


One can add more headings below the points for showing the category, types, advantages, etc.


It refers to the proper alignment and spacing in the written matter. Indentation means shifting from the margin. It indicates the subheadings, points, sub-points, sub-subheadings, etc. clearly. Indentation offers a well-defined structure for a note. It makes it readable and increases the objectives of the content.

Key or Keywords

The key portion of the note shows the various codes, symbols or the abbreviation used. It helps to get a clear understanding of the keys used in the note making format.


These are used in order to save time and space when you write notes. Their use makes it easier to read. An abbreviation can be made by·

         Using the beginnings of words

    Info. – Information

    Stat. – statistics

    Max. – Maximum

    Min. – Minimum

·         Using the beginnings of words with the last letter

    Dept. – department

    Govt. – government

    Prodn. – Production

·         Omitting Vowels

    Prblm. – Problem

    Wrd. –  word

    Schl. – school

·         Using the first and the last letter of a word

    Mt – mount

    Mr – Mister

·         Shortening the suffix at the end of the word

    Productn – Production

    Distributn – Distribution

II. Symbols

You may also use some commonly used symbols when you write notes. These symbols save a lot of time and easy to understand.

Symbol         Meaning

→                  leads to

←                  caused by

↑                    Increase

↓              decrease

>                    greater than

<                    less than

=                    equal to

∴                    therefore

@                  at the rate of (or rate)

%                   percent

100                Hundred

e.g.                example

i.e.,                that is

viz.                namely

&                   And

/                    or

III. Acronyms

They are words consisting of the first letter of each word in the name of something.

Acronym                  Meaning

​CBSE: Central Board of Secondary Education

NCERT: National Council of Educational Research and Training

CM: Chief Minister

PM: Prime Minister

UNO: United Nations Organization

UNESCO: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

WHO: World Health Organization

COD: Cash On Delivery

FIFO: First In First Out

PTO: Please Turn Over

DOB: Date of Birth

SUV: Sports Utility Vehicle

HR: Human Resources

PR: Public Relations

CEO: Chief Executive Officer

CFO: Chief Financial Officer

UK: United Kingdom

USA: The United States of America

Summarizing the Notes

When you write notes, you don’t write the whole passage or the content. Instead, you summarize the content and tries to note down the main idea or the information from the whole content. While making the summary, all the important points must be added.

 The Procedure of Note Making

·         Read the passage provided

·         Underline the important sentences. It helps to make headings and subheadings

·         Make a rough note first so as to get an idea

·         Organize them in logical order or sequence for the final note

·         Use the appropriate note making format

·         Do not change the idea or the message of the passage

Points to Remember for Note Making Format

·         Avoid using long sentences as heading or title

·         Never lose the main idea of the passage

·         Ignore information which is less important

·         Be brief, clear, and specific

·         Use logical sequencing

·         Use proper indention

·         Leave no spaces to avoid confusion

·         Do not include your own version or understandings

·         Use abbreviations

·         Make your note more memorable by adding colors, drawings, and symbols



Occasional self-medication has always been part of normal living. The making and selling of drugs has a long history and is closely linked, like medical practice itself, with belief in magic. Only during the last hundred years or so, as the development of scientific techniques made it possible diagnosis has become possible. The doctor is now able to follow up the correct diagnosis of many illnesses-with specific treatment of their causes. In many other illnesses of which the causes remain unknown, he is still limited, like the unqualified prescriber, to the treatment of symptoms. The doctor is trained to decide when to treat symptoms only and when to attack the cause. This is the essential difference between medical prescribing and self-medication.

The advance of technology has brought about much progress in some fields of medicine, including the development of scientific drug therapy. In many countries public health organization is improving and people’s nutritional standards have risen. Parallel with such beneficial trends are two which have an adverse effect. One is the use of high pressure advertising by the pharmaceutical industry which has tended to influence both patients and doctors and has led to the overuse of drugs generally. The other is emergence of eating, insufficient sleep, excessive smoking and drinking. People with disorders arising from faulty habits such as these , as well as well from unhappy human relationships , often resort to self –medication and so add the taking of pharmaceuticals to the list .Advertisers go to great lengths to catch this market.

Clever advertising, aimed at chronic suffers who will try anything because doctors have not been able to cure them, can induce such faith in a preparation, particularly if steeply priced, that it will produce-by suggestion-a very real effect in some people .Advertisements are also aimed at people suffering from mild complaints such as simple cold and coughs which clear up by themselves within a short time.

These are the main reasons, why laxatives, indigestion-remedies, painkillers, cough-mixtures, tonics, vitamin and iron tablets, nose drops, ointments and many other preparations are found in quantity in many households. It is doubtful whether taking these things ever improves a person’s health, it may even make it worse. Worse, because the preparation may contain unsuitable ingredients; worse because the taker may become dependent on them; worse because they might be taken excess; worse because they may cause poisoning , and worst of all because symptoms of some serious underlying cause may be asked and therefore medical help may not be sought. Self-diagnosis is a greater danger than self-medication.




1.    Self medication

(a) part of normal living—last 100 yrs

(b) Advance in diag tech..

(c) Drs rqd. for diag .&  treatmnt of disease

(d ) self medicatiom differs from medical prescripyion

2.   Technological Advmnt in medicine

(a) drug therapy

(b)impvt. In pub. Health org’s

(c) increase in nutri’l standards.

3. Clever advertising by pharma’l companies

 (a) take advantage of people’s need

 (b) chronic suffers

 (c ) mild complaints like cold and coughs

 (d) Faulty life style

                          (i) Lack of exercise, over eating, insuff’t sleep etc.                                       (ii) stress, unhappy rela’ps etc.

4.   dangers of self – medi’n. ss

 (a) Prep’n contain unsuitable ingre

 (b) Taker becomes dependent

 (c) Taker consumes medi. In excess

 (d) Prep’ns may cause poison’g

 (e) Real cause of illness gets suppressed or untreated.



1.medic’l -medical

2.ding tech-diagnosis technology

3.treat –treatment

4.deve – development

5.imput-improvement – publics

7.rqd  - required’s  - organisations

9. insuff’t - insufficient



   Summary of the passage:-

            Self medication is part of normal living. Medicinal experts are required for diagnosis and treatment of disease according to symptoms and cause.

The development of drug therapy and improvement in public health organizations and nutritional standards have helped  progress in medicinal science. Excessive advertising by pharmaceutical companies and emergence of the sedentary society are two counter trends. Self medication is dangerous as the preparation may be toxic or contain unsuitable ingredients, the user becomes dependent and consumes medicine in excess. Self-diagnosis is worse than self medication.







courtesy: CBSE and other CBSE related websites. thankful to them for providing such ready reference